Teff is a fine grain—about the size of a poppy seed—that comes in a variety of colors, from white and red to dark brown. It is an ancient grain from Ethiopia and Eritrea, and comprises the staple grain of their cuisines. Ground into flour, teff is used to make the traditional bread, injera: a flat, pancake-like, fermented bread that complements their exotic spices.
Although technically a seed from the Eragrostis tef plant, commonly called Williams’ lovegrass or annual bunch grass, teff functions as a whole grain, similar to barley, wheatberries, and quinoa. Unlike wheat, teff, a type of millet, is a gluten-free grain choice suitable for most people with celiac disease or an intolerance to gluten.